The Cleveland Buckeyes Begin
       Prior to the Buckeyes arrival in Cleveland, the city had other Negro League teams but none lasted very long.
The Negro National League (NNL) organized in 1920. Records show that the Cleveland Tate Stars were in the NNL
in 1922, the Cleveland Browns in 1924, the Cleveland Elites in 1926, the Cleveland Hornets in 1927,
the Cleveland Tigers in 1928,  the Cleveland Cubs in 1931, the Cleveland Stars in 1932, the Cleveland Giants 
in 1933 and the Cleveland Red Sox in 1934. 

       The Negro American League (NAL) formed in 1937 and the Cleveland Bears played in the NAL in 1939 and 1940. 
The Bears were originally the Jacksonville Red Caps franchise that moved to Cleveland after one year, 1938, 
in Jacksonville.  The Bears would return to Jacksonville in 1941 and play that season and 1942 there.  
As I mentioned, most of these teams didn't last very long, in fact, the 1933 Giants team played only one league game. 
	
        That changed in 1941.
		   
        According to the February 14, 1942 Call & Post, a meeting took place at Wilbur Hayes' shoe shine parlor on
Central Avenue and East 49th when he met with Ernest Wright, of Erie, Pennsylvania.
       Ernest Wright owned the Pope Hotel which also was 
a showplace for many black enterainers during an era 
when many northern cities, including Erie, were 
segregated.   
       Almost every great African American entertainer
during that era appeared at the Pope Hotel.

	Ernest Wright needed baseball players to start the
Buckeyes.  He purchased one-half interest in the 
financially struggling St. Louis Stars.  The St. Louis
Stars joined the Negro American League in 1939 but 
started playing some of their games in New Orleans in
the 1940 and 1941 seasons due to those financial issues. 

	During the 1941 season, Wright had some of the
Stars players come to Cleveland to play for a 
Cleveland semi-pro team, the Cleveland Giants, who
hosted the Indianapolis ABCs in an exhibition
double-header.

        The ABCs had previously played in the Negro American
League.  The Giants won both games easily over the ABCs 
before 9,000 fans at League Park. Future Buckeyes player,
shortstop Johnny Lyles, would appear in that double-header.

        
       
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